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List of Chief Ministers of Odisha

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The Chief Minister of Odisha, an eastern Indian state, is the head of the Government of Odisha.As per The Constitution of India, the governor is the state’s de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister.Following elections to the Odisha Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government.The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly.Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister’s term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.

Since 1946, Odisha has had 14 chief ministers. The first was Harekrushna Mahatab of the Indian National Congress. Serving since 2000, Naveen Patnaik of the Biju Janata Dal is the incumbent Chief Minister and the longest-serving one in Odisha’s history.

In India, President’s rule refers to suspension of state government and imposition of direct Central Government rule in a state. Under Article 356 of the Constitution of India, in the event that a state government is unable to function according to constitutional provisions, the Central government can take direct control of the state machinery. Subsequently, executive authority is exercised through the centrally appointed governor, who has the authority to appoint other administrators to assist them. The administrators are usually nonpartisan retired civil servants.

Krushna Chandra Gajapati
1 April 1937-19 July 1937
Independent
80 days

Biswanath Das
19 July 1937-4 November 1939
Indian National Congress

Krushna Chandra Gajapati
29 November 1941-29 June 1944
Independent

Harekrushna Mahatab
23 April 1946 12 May 1950
Indian National Congress
1002 days

Nabakrushna Choudhury
MLA for Barchana
12 May 1950-20 Feb 1952
2352 days
20 Feb 1952-19 Oct 1956

Harekrushna Mahatab
MLA for Soro
19 October 1956 – 6 Apr 1957
6 Apr 1957-22 May 1959
22 May 1959 – 25 Feb 1961

(Total 2593 days)

Vacant
(President’s rule)
25 February 1961-23 June 1961

Biju Patnaik
MLA for Choudwar
23 June 1961-2 October 1963 Indian National Congress 832 days

Biren Mitra
MLA for Cuttack City
2 October 1963-21 February 1965
509 days

Sadashiva Tripathy
MLA for Omerkote
21 February 1965-8 March 1967
746 days

Rajendra Narayan Singh Deo
MLA for Bolangir
8 March 1967-9 January 1971
Swatantra Party
1403 days

Vacant
(President’s rule)
11 January 1971-3 April 1971

Biswanath Das
MLA for Rourkela
3 April 1971-14 June 1972
Independent
439 days

Nandini Satpathy
14 June 1972-3 March 1973
Indian National Congress
263 days

Vacant
(President’s rule)
3 March 1973-6 March 1974

Nandini Satpathy
MLA for Dhenkanal
6 March 1974-16 December 1976
Indian National Congress 1016 days
(Total 1279 days)

Vacant
(President’s rule)
16 December 1976-29 December 1976

Binayak Acharya
MLA for Berhampur
29 December 1976-30 April 1977
Indian National Congress
123 days

Vacant
(President’s rule)
30 April 1977-26 June 1977

Nilamani Routray
MLA for Basudevpur
26 June 1977-17 February 1980 Janata Party
968 days

Vacant
(President’s rule)
17 February 1980-9 June 1980

Janaki Ballabh Patnaik
MLA for Athagarh
9 June 1980-10 Mar 1985 Indian National Congress 3469 days
10 Mar 1985-7 Dec 1989

Hemananda Biswal
MLA for Laikera
7 December 1989-5 March 1990
89 days

Biju Patnaik
MLA for Bhubaneswar
5 March 1990-15 March 1995
Janata Dal
1837 days (Total 2669 days)

Janaki Ballabh Patnaik
MLA for Begunia
15 March 1995-17 February 1999
Indian National Congress
1437 days (Total 4906 days)

Giridhar Gamang
MLA for Laxmipur
17 February 1999-6 December 1999 291 days

Hemananda Biswal
MLA for Laikera
6 December 1999-5 March 2000
91 days (Total 180 days)

Naveen Patnaik
MLA for Hinjili
5 March 2000-16 May 2004
16 May 2004-21 May 2009
21 May 2009-21 May 2014
21 May 2014-Incumbent
Biju Janata Dal
6585 days
(18 years, 11 days)

BJD-chief-Naveen-Patnaik

Source : Wikipedia . So updated  Information visit Wikipedia.

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