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The Legendary Netaji Subash Chandra Bose


Born: January 23, 1897  || Died: August 18, 1945

Subhas Chandra Bose was born on January twenty three, 1897 in Cuttack, Orissa (Now ODISHA).

Achievements: Passed Indian Civil Services Exam; elected Congress President in 1938 and 1939; shaped a brand new party All India Forward block; organized Azad Hind Fauj to overthrow British Empire from India.

Subhas Chandra Bose, affectionately referred to as  Netaji, was one in every of the foremost outstanding leaders of Indian freedom struggle. Though Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru have garnered a lot of of the credit for successful end result of Indian freedom struggle, the contribution of Subash Chandra Bose is no  less. He has been denied his rightful place within the annals of Indian history. He founded Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauj) to overthrow British Empire from India and came to amass legendary standing among Indian lots.

Subhas Chandra Bose was born on January twenty three, 1897 in Cuttack, Orissa (Now ODISHA). His father Janaki Nath Bose was a famous lawyer and his mother Prabhavati Devi was a pious and spiritual woman. Subhas Chandra Bose was the ninth kid among fourteen siblings. Subhas Chandra Bose was a superb student right from the childhood. He topped the matriculation examination of Calcutta province and graduated with a primary category in Philosophy from the Scottish Churches faculty in Calcutta.His parents’ ancestral house was at Kodalia village (near Baruipur; now known as Shubhashgram, South 24 Parganas, West Bengal). He was the ninth child of a total of fourteen siblings. He studied in an Anglo school (Stewart School) at Cuttack until the seventh standard as that time Stewart School functioned till seventh standard and then shifted to Ravenshaw Collegiate School. Bose stood second in the matriculation examination of Calcutta province in 1911 and after passing he went to the Presidency College where he studied briefly.

He was strongly influenced by Swami Vivekananda’s teachings and was known for his patriotic zeal as a student. To satisfy his folks desires he visited England in 1919 to compete for Indian Civil Services. In England he appeared for the Indian Civil Service competitive examination in 1920, and came out fourth so as of benefit. However, Subhas Chandra Bose was deeply disturbed by the Jallianwalla Bagh massacre, and left his Civil Services apprenticeship midway to come back to India in 1921

After returning to India Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose came beneath the influence of Mahatma Gandhi and joined the Indian National Congress. On Gandhiji’s directions, he started operating beneath Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das, whom he later acknowledged his political guru. Soon he showed his leadership mettle and gained his high within the Congress’ hierarchy. In 1928 the Motilal Nehru Committee appointed by the Congress declared in favour of Domination standing, however Subhas Chandra Bose in conjunction with Jawaharlal Nehru opposed it, and each asserted that they might be happy with nothing in need of complete independence for India. Subhas conjointly announced the formation of the Independence League. Subhas Chandra Bose was jailed throughout Civil Disobedience movement in 1930. He was released in 1931 once Gandhi-Irwin pact was signed. He protested against the Gandhi-Irwin pact and opposed the suspension of Civil Disobedience movement specially when Bhagat Singh and his associates were hanged.

Subash Chandra Bose was soon arrested once more beneath the infamous Bengal Regulation.Once  a year he was released on medical grounds and was banished from India to Europe. He took steps to determine centres in several European capitals with a read to promoting politico-cultural contacts between India and Europe. Defying the ban on his entry to India, Subash Chandra Bose came to India and was once more arrested and jailed for a year. Once the overall Elections of 1937, Congress came to power in seven states and Subash Chandra Bose was released. Shortly afterwards he was elected President of the Haripura Congress Session in 1938.Throughout his term as Congress President, he talked of coming up with in concrete terms, and got wind of a National coming up with Committee in October that year. At the tip of his initial term, the presidential election to the Tripuri Congress session transpire early 1939. Subhas Chandra Bose was re-elected, defeating Dr. Pattabhi Sitaramayya who had been backed by Mahatma Gandhi and therefore the Congress operating Committee. Clouds of World War II were on the horizon and he brought a resolution to grant the British six months handy India over to the Indians, failing that there would be a revolt. There was a lot of opposition to his rigid stand, and he resigned from the post of president and shaped a progressive cluster referred to as the Forward Block .

Subhas Chandra Bose then started a mass movement against utilizing Indian resources and men for the good war. There was an incredible response to his decision and he was place beneath house arrest in Calcutta. In January 1941, Subhas Chandra Bose disappeared from his home in Calcutta and reached Germany via Afghanistan. engaged on the maxim that “an enemy’s enemy could be a friend”, he sought cooperation of Germany and Japan against British Empire. In January 1942, he began his regular broadcasts from Radio Berlin, that aroused tremendous enthusiasm in India. In July 1943, he arrived in Singapore from Germany. In Singapore he took over the reins of the Indian Independence Movement in East Asia from Rash Behari Bose and organised the Azad Hind Fauj (Indian National Army) comprising mainly of Indian prisoners of war. He was hailed as Netaji by the military further as by the Indian civilian population in East Asia. Azad Hind Fauj proceeded towards India to liberate it from British rule. Enroute it lliberated Andeman and Nicobar Islands. The I.N.A. Head quarters was shifted to Rangoon in January 1944. Azad Hind Fauj crossed the Burma Border, and stood on Indian soil on March eighteen,1944.However, defeat of Japan and Germany within the Second World War forced INA to retreat and it couldn’t achieve its objective. Subhas Chandra Bose was reportedly killed in an air crash over Taipeh, Taiwan (Formosa) on August eighteen, 1945. Though it’s widely believed that he was still alive once the air crash not a lot of info might be found regarding him.
” Walking through the Life of the Legend “
Located in the heart of the Cuttack city, the Netaji Birth Place Museum takes us through the Indian Freedom Struggle while depicting the life of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. The place can be reached from the Cuttack railway station (10 km) or from the Bhubaneswar airport (38 km). The location is in Odia (Oriya) bazaar and is easily identified. The Museum is closed on Monday and other Government holidays. The ancestral house of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, known as Janakinath Bhawan was converted into a Museum on 23 January 2004.
The Museum comprises of a ground floor and a first floor. Each room has an exhibit. There are 12 galleries:
Gallery 1: Study Room (contains the table and chair of Netaji and book shelves)
Gallery 2: Early life (Has exhibits and photos of the early life of Netaji)
Gallery 3: Prison life (This depicts his life in prison with letters written by him from the prison. The table has his characteristic spectacle frame).
Gallery 4: Political life (The gallery has photographs of the events of his participation in the freedom struggle and interactions with various Indian leaders)
Gallery 5: National Bank of Azad Hind Ltd. (Netaji started a Bank to fund the activities for the freedom struggle. In this gallery are the application form for opening the account, currency notes and letters).
Gallery 6: Netaji and INA (This gallery depicts the activities of Netaji in various activities in establishing the INA. There are samples of the dress of the INA soldiers.There is an original sword that was used by the INA women cadre)
Gallery 7: Provisional Government of Azad Hind (Has the INA insignia, stamps and various other photographs)
Gallery 8: Azad Hind Radio (Netaji started a radio service. An exhibit of a radio and the items he used for the transmission are placed here)
Gallery 9: Netaji’s Birth Room (This was the room where Netaji was born. The room has the cot, the book having the write up of his birth and photographs)
Gallery 10: Letters and furniture (has the original iron cot, stools, table lamp and easy chair used by Netaji)
Gallery 11: Family life (shows his family life depicted through photographs of his wife and family, sofa set and chair)
Gallery 12: Household (Has exhibits of crockery, glass tumblers, spoons, letters written to his father from prison and various other household items). Although, every exhibit is stunning, the letters written by Netaji either from prison or during his fight for the freedom or to his family shows his commitment for executing his responsibility or ideas. Photography and video is banned inside the rooms having the exhibits.
There is a nominal entry fee.



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