Pattachitra – Ancient painting of India
Pattachitra is a ancient painting of Odisha, India . These Paintings are based mostly on Hindu Mythology and specially impressed by Jagannath and Vaishnava cult. All colors utilized in the Paintings are natural and paintings are created absolutely recent ancient means by Chitrakaras that’s Odia Painter. Pattachitra sort of painting is one in all the oldest and most well-liked art styles of Odisha. The name Pattachitra has evolved from the Sanskrit words patta, which means canvas, and chitra, which means image.
Pattachitra is so a painting done on canvas, and is manifested by made vibrant application, artistic motifs and styles, and portrayal of straightforward themes, largely mythological in depiction. The traditions of pattachitra paintings are over thousand years recent.
The painting the ‘pattachitra’ resemble the recent murals of Odisha particularly spiritual centres of Puri, Konark and Bhubaneshwar region, dating back to the fifth century BC. the simplest work is found in and around Puri, particularly within the village of Raghurajpur.
This recent tradition of Odia painting still survives within the places like Puri, Raghurajpur, Paralakhemundi, Chikiti and Sonepur.In the past professionerise, there was no distinct separation between the master painters and master sculptors; therefore the chance of a simultaneous origin of painting and sculptural art in Odisha cannot be dominated out. Even these days in Odisha, these 2 crafts are combined inone and these artists and referred to as Chitrakaras, their title remains largely Mohapatra or Maharana.
Unusually enough, painting appeared in Odisha rather later, many centuries when the development of the nice temples of Bhubaneswar, Puri and Konark.here exists a decent variety of paintings from eighteenth century onwards in several temples and Mathas particularly within the southern districts of Odisha. Lord Jagannath within the gift from is being taken because the origin of the Patta vogue. the color schemes of the deities of Puri are quite the same as those of the Patta vogue.
The oldest record of Patta Paintings doesn’t most likely transcend the institution of the current shrine of Shri Jagannath at Puri. it’s going to be as a result of the actual fact that paintings don’t survive like sculptures. The paints within the shrines of Lord Jagannath at Puri create the date probable. The oldest classical marble paintings of Sitabanji at Keonjhar don’t conform to the current sort of Patta painting wholly.
The wood statues of the 3 deities also are lined with cloth and then overlaid with glue mixed with chalk, and then given paint solely with four restricted colors of red, yellow, white and black. The deities who are held in high esteem by the Oriyas and who inspire faith, life and activity of the folks conjointly carry with them a practice of art and painting that is as recent because the deities themselves. If the Savara origin of Jagannath is accepted, the date of the Patta paintings will be dated back to an ancient times.
These paintings were originally substitutes for worship on days when the temple doors were shut for the ‘ritual bath’ of the deity.
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