Exclusively an agricultural festival “Akshyaya Trutiya” is celebrated all over Odisha on the 3rd day of the Hindu year. As per the Hindu mythology it is the day when Lord Ganesha , the god of knowledge and wisdom started writing the epic Mahabharata to Ved Vyas’s dictation . It is one of the four most auspicious days of the year for Hindus. This day is ruled by god Vishnu, the preserver-god in the Hindu Trinity. It is also traditionally celebrated as the birthday of the Hindu sage Parashurama, the sixth Avatar (incarnation) of the god Vishnu. According to Hindu mythology, on this day the Treta Yuga began and the river Ganges, the most sacred river of India, descended to the earth from the heaven.
Lord Jagannath’s famous Chandan yatra , which is observed in various other shrines of Odisha/Orissa starts from this day. From this the carpenters starts the works of making cars (‘Ratha’) of Lord Jagannath, Balabadra and Subhadra for Car Festival (Ratha Yatra). In western Odisha , this festival is known as ‘Muthi Chhuan’. Eating of green leaves (‘Shag’) is forbidden for the day. It is observed by all farmers irrespective of their caste and creed.
The day is famous for buying long term assets like gold and silver, including ornaments, diamond and other precious stones.The day is considered to be the good day for purchasing new land as well. The word “Akshaya” means the never diminishing in Sanskrit and the day is believed to bring good luck and success. It is believed that if you do charity on this day you will be blessed. On ‘Akshay Tritiya’ ‘Mrutika’ also worshipped. Nowadays jewellers have turned the purity into a marketing gimmick. The day is considered auspicious for starting new ventures.